Methods to Master Construction Take Off

Every contractor has the task of finding out the quantities and types of material needed for the construction. This is vital in the estimation of the material; hence you can always find out the cost of the construction. This process of estimation is known as takeoff. There are two types of construction takeoff that you need to learn about before mastering the techniques. These are the digital and manual take offs.

Digital Take Off

This is a process where the companies rely on software and digital blueprints for their estimations. The software is developed to aid in streamlining and partially automating the process of take off. Even though the software specifications always vary, you will always get to analyze and enter the measurements and quantities in the digital format. They have also been integrated into quotation or binding programs that can use two processes.

Manual Take Off

Unlike the digital take off, the manual take-off uses the traditional blueprints and plans to carry out accurate takeoff. This process demands that the estimator must read the blueprints accurately for all the work being quantified. The process may be kind of tiresome as you need to transfer the quantities and materials to the spreadsheets.

Once you have known about the types of taking offs, then here are some of the methods to master construction take off.

#1. Breaking down the Process

You need to master how you will break down every process to suit your workflow. You should expect variance on the number of factors like types of drawings, software used, and scale of job among others. Here are some ways to break down the key manual take-off process;

Calculating the Takeoff

Once you have the measurements and counts ready, you will need to use them in producing the takeoff figure. You should then deploy the trade market values in estimating the accurate material cost.

Counting the Symbols

You need to master this as it will aid in identifying the number of components needed for finishing the task. Each component type needs to be counted individually to ensure accuracy.

Measuring the Circuits

This is for the electrical contractors. You should measure all the circuits in the drawings by checking out the scale used on the page. For accurate measurements, you will need to use tools like scaled measuring tapes, electronic measuring wheels, and architectural ruler among others.

#2. What to Count

It is also vital that every contractor fully masters what is needed to be counted at the construction site. The takeoff needs to easily quantify materials that will finish the structure or building. The count should not comprise of things like equipment and tools but only raw materials. Here are the main measurements that you will need for the takeoff.

  • Volume

– You need to measure the volume of material like asphalt that you will require per yard.

  • Area

– Elements such as flooring and cladding need to be measured to find the total surface area. You may also estimate the amount of paint needed.

  • Length

– When used materials like pipes and cables, you have to measure the length and other dimensions like diameter.

  • Count

– You also need to count the number of materials required for every project. For example, the number of bricks, pipes, and roofing materials among others needed for every project.

These are some of the simple ways to master the construction take offs. Depending on the project you are working on, you will always need to master these simple ways to get the ideal estimate for the material needed for the construction.

What is Project Management in Construction?

Project management in construction is an incredibly important part of carrying out a project, designed by an architect, from start to finish.

Project management is a very diverse and professional career, which is filled by a construction project manager. He/she has a lot of requirements, such as a degree and job duties that need to be adhered to.

These managers can work in various areas of development. They are responsible for the implementation and overseeing a building project until the final project is finished according to what the architect’s blueprints instructed him/her to do.

Duties include hiring labourers, which are also professionally known as construction workers, to negotiate contracts, as well as obtain any required permits for the building site.

Construction project managers also supervise projects and must ensure that work is completed according to a schedule every day, to ensure the building or structure will be completed in time and meet the given deadline.

These individuals must thus be very time-efficient, be able to work under strict deadlines, in a fast-paced environment and be able to combat stress, to ensure the success of the project at hand, as well as their career.

Their experience within the industry is extremely important and no less than a bachelor’s degree will do.

Construction Project Manager – Job Description

These individuals work towards controlling time, quality and the initial cost of construction projects. They can work on any project, including industrial and commercial buildings, bridges, roads and schools.

They work towards planning every aspect of the construction process, as well as coordinating the duties that must be carried out accordingly. It may include the hiring of contractors, working with engineers, vendors, as well as architects.

One manager is usually designated to oversee an entire project and can either be self-employed or employed by a construction company. They generally make about $100,000.


Duties and Responsibilities

A project manager is responsible for scheduling different phases of each project. These are scheduled according to deadlines, which should be met accordingly.

They are required to negotiate contracts with their vendors, architects, contractors and other construction workers. They are also responsible for securing building permits, licenses and the delivery of all materials, as well as the delivery and management of equipment to construction sites.

With the development of a project, construction managers also must communicate with supervisors and advise them on managing their workers, monitor the construction progress, as well as project productivity, compliance with building safety regulations and codes and ensure the project is completed according to the given schedule. It is their job to solve problems that may be caused by the weather, emergencies, as well as any obstructions that may cause a delay.

Needless to say, they have very important job descriptions, and a construction project cannot continue without their level of expertise.